Health Forum in Albena resort
Genentic diseases concern abouty 5% of the newly borns in Bulgaria, which is about 3,500 babies a year, said Ivo Kreminski, head of the National Genetic Laboratory and Head of the center for Molecular Medicine, during a health forum held on topic “Bridge to the Future”. The forum is being held in the coastal resort of Albena.
The greatest share in genetic diseases is that of malformations. About 2,100 children in Bulgaria suffer malformations. The most often malformations are inherited (genetic) diseases. About 1,000 people in Bulgaria suffer from such type of diseases.
The third biggest group is that of chromosome mutations, which affects about 420 children a year. Thus 80% of the rare diseases are genetic diseases – inherited, malformations and chromosomal.
A National Genetic Program for the period 2009-2013 is being drafted now. The program would be realized in the frames of 5 years and amounts to BGN 21 million. The National Genetic Program refers to all new-borns – 70,000 a year, all pregnant women, all families with genetic diseases, families with reproductive problems, families that already have a child with a genetic disease, and families where there were cases of incest.
The percentage of some genetic diseases among Roma people has grown over the last few years due to incest, the expert commented.